Sports massage is aimed at people who regularly play sports. In his techniques, similar to classical massage, but it is performed much more vigorously and with greater intensity. It helps to prevent injuries, eliminates the effects of overtraining, warms and relaxes muscles and prevents sourdoughs after exercise.
Sports massage is a form of treatment capable of correcting many problems – it is the most effective therapy releasing muscle tension and restoring the balance of the musculoskeletal system.
In order for the sports massage to be effective, it is necessary to perform a maximum of 10 treatments, after which a 14-day break is applied, due to symptoms of muscle habituation to mechanical stimuli.
The aim of the massage is to prevent pathological symptoms that may arise as a result of long overloads of muscles and joints.
Sports massage can perform the following functions:
- warming up (preparation for training or competition);
- regenerating (acceleration of the body’s return after a lot of effort);
- healing (support for the treatment of injuries).
Sports massage has four basic stages:
It is used throughout the entire training and start-up cycle. The purpose of performing a
Massage before the competition
The treatment is performed the day after the last
This massage is performed before warming up. The start-up massage promotes fast and deep warming of the muscles and the ligament-joint apparatus. As a result, the ligaments remain flexible, and the muscles increase the systolic capacity and thus become more resistant to injuries. Particular attention should be paid to massaging muscle attachments. Due to the specificity of the work to be performed by the athlete, the massage can be slow and longer – for long-distance athletes or fast and energetic – for short distance athletes. When taking a start-up massage, we focus less on the muscles that will be the most strained during exercise. Athletes who are anxious, reluctant to do a stimulating massage, while those experiencing excessive agitation should perform a relaxing massage.
It is carried out primarily directly after the competition, but also in breaks between individual starts. The most time is spent on the muscles of the back, the neck with the shoulders and the group of muscles that were least loaded during the competition. In this case, a stimulating massage is used with the advantage of deep grinding, kneading, and very fast patting. Less time is devoted to massaging the muscles most involved in the effort, using relaxing techniques such as stroking, rubbing, superficial kneading at a slow pace.